Career in Civil Aviation
Civil aviation refers to the non-military flight activities conducted by the private and commercial sector. Commercial civil aviation covers all types of air transport; it can be fully owned or co-owned by the government and/or the private sector. When flight activities are meant for personal pursuance’s it is referred to as private civil aviation.
Civil Aviation is generally divided into:
International civil aviation standards are managed by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). It is a specialized agency of the United Nations and most of the countries in the world are its members. All the signatories are required to work in harmony and standardize the use of airspace for safety, efficiency, and regularity of air transport. Each signatory country has its own Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) which looks after personnel licensing, flight operations, air traffic services etc.
It is essential to know about the career path you have chosen or are about to choose beforehand. This pre-knowledge can not only make you prepared for your career but it will also make you aware of your suitability, your strengths, and weaknesses.
Civil Aviation in India
The Indian Aviation Sector can be broadly divided into the following main categories:
Civil aviation in India comes under the Ministry of Civil Aviation. It is responsible for the formulation of national policies and programmes for the development and regulation of Civil Aviation. It is responsible for the administration of the Aircraft Act, 1934, Aircraft Rules, 1937 and various other legislation pertaining to the aviation sector in the country. The Ministry exercises administrative control over attached and autonomous organizations which looks after its functions.
Autonomous Organisations and Public Sector Undertakings
Aviation Industry in India
Civil Aviation Sector in India is broadly subdivided into 3 structures that cater to different areas.
These 3 Structures are:
The picture of the civil aviation industry is dull and bright at the same time. The dullness comes from the huge debt burden which the Indian Airline Industry suffers from. 2011-12 estimates show a debt of about US $ 20 billion. Competition in the domestic market amongst the airlines and the high operating costs are affecting financial stability. The international scenario doesn’t suffer from these glitches and is in a better position. The quality of education is another agenda which dogs the industry. The infrastructure facilities provided by the aviation institutes do not fully meet the requirements of the industry. There are very few programmes offered by the institutes and the prevalent courses lack the depth. The lack of skilled manpower is another grim situation.
There has been a global economic slowdown since 2008 and it has affected the economies worldwide. It is here that the brightness of the civil aviation industry comes into view. The civil aviation industry in India contributed 1.5% GDP in 2009 and it offers 9.95 million jobs which are inclusive of its contribution to tourism. As per 2011 estimates Indian Airlines provided their services to 54 million domestic passengers and 38 million international passengers. India has risen to become the 9th largest civil aviation market in the world. Apart from this, International cargo accounts for two-thirds of the total cargo handled. This business is undertaken at metro airports like Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, and Mumbai. A lot of new developments are being taken by the ministry of civil aviation such as the modernization and up gradation of airports. Strategic alliances for Maintenance, Repair, and Overhaul (MRO) have been facilitated by Air-India JVs with Boeing and Airbus, GMR-MAE, HALTIMCO, Air France KLM-Max Aerospace, etc.
Civil Aviation Institutes
There are a number of institutes, some of which are private, government and recognized by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation which provides civil aviation training.
Some of the Prominent Ones are:
Civil Aviation Careers
As mentioned earlier, there is an acute shortage of skilled manpower in this sector which makes civil aviation a good choice. The growth in the aviation industry has initiated a lot of employment opportunities and this is one of the reasons that careers in aviation in India are pursuable. The overall growth of the Indian economy, the rise in income of the citizens and the growth of middle-class population are the other factors which show a green signal. Careers in this sector are provided by the below-mentioned airlines and the above mentioned civil aviation organizations. Some of the major jobs include Air Pilot, Cabin Crew, Aircrafts Engineers, Technicians (MRO), Ground Handling Staff, Cargo Handling Staff, Administrative Officers and Sales Staff. After getting the requisite training and obtaining the necessary license one can apply for the job of a commercial pilot. With the privatization, a lot of avenues have opened for Commercial Pilot Holders. They can find employment opportunities in both governments (Air India) as well as private domestic and international (Jet Airways, Sahara etc.) airlines. The job of a Commercial Pilot is itself an exciting and glamorous job. The job of the commercial pilot is also a highly rated and one full of adventure. This highly specialized job requires knowledge of air navigation, interpretation of meteorological reports, operations of sophisticated electronic and mechanical controls, leading the aircraft under adverse circumstances, being a leader to the flight crew and passengers under climatic and other emergency situations.
Air Hostess for female candidates and Flight Attendants for the male candidates are the other options in the Civil Aviation Industry. These attendants on board are considered as one of the most important crew members on a flight. These are the people who are in the direct contact of the passengers. They are the face of the aviation company, they are working with. Thus the reputation of the company depends upon them. To become an Air Hostess or Flight Pursers the interested candidates should be at least +2 with pleasing personality and excellent communication skills. Higher education and knowledge of more languages can be an added advantage for the candidates seeking to join civil aviation.
Operational Indian Airlines (with headquarters) as of 2018